In May of 1915, two Penn State graduates, reacting to the needs of the local anthracite mining industry, proposed the development of a Penn State engineering center in Wilkes-Barre. “King Coal” reigned supreme at that time in the Wyoming Valley and engineers were needed to improve mining methods and worker safety. The response from local citizens and civic organizations was overwhelming, and on November 7,1916, the Penn State Department of Engineering Extension began offering evening classes for 150 students in what is now Coughlin High School. The new Penn State Department of Engineering Extension offered courses in advanced mathematics, surveying, reinforced concrete and mechanics.
By 1923, three-year certificate programs were added in mechanical, electrical, civil and mining engineering and later, three-year courses in aeronautical and textile engineering and a two-year course in air-conditioning were added.
During the years spanning World War II, the school, now known as The Pennsylvania State College Wilkes-Barre Technical School Center, offered tuition-free, government sponsored courses to train women and older men to replace the younger men in industry who joined the war effort. The non-credit college level courses trained workers already in war production to take over more highly skilled jobs. Women took the courses to help in the production of war materials.
Until 1947, all of the courses were offered exclusively in the evening. But, due to the persistent requests of returning veterans who wanted to earn a degree more quickly, four day-courses were initiated. The courses (business administration, building construction, industrial electricity, and mechanical and production tool design) were approved by the Veterans Administration under the "On-the-Job-Training" provisions of the G.I. Bill of Rights. Much of the success of the school can be attributed to the flexibility of its offerings. Programs were added and removed as demand directed.
Each passing year brought more change and growth to the school. In 1949, the Engineers’ Council for Professional Development recognized the engineering courses taught at the institute with accreditation. Then, during the 1953-54 academic year, the two-year program leading to an associate degree in engineering began. Thirty-nine students completed this program and were the first in the University to receive their associate degree in engineering. In 1957, the two-year Surveying Technology program was approved, the only one of its type in Pennsylvania. Today Penn State Wilkes-Barre is the only location in the commonwealth offering a baccalaureate degree in surveying.
In 1950, needing more space, the school moved its classes to the Guthrie Building in Wilkes-Barre. There it remained until the mid-60’s when Richard and Helen Robinson of Connecticut gave Hayfield House and the surrounding farm property in Lehman to the University. Valued at approximately one million dollars, Hayfield House was built by coal baron John N. Conyngham and his wife, Bertha, in the early 1930s. The Conynghams spent about four months each year at Hayfield Farm. They raised Highland cattle, Clydesdale horses, Chester White pigs, sheep and a variety of unusual animals, including buffalo and Sardinian donkeys. In addition to traditional vegetables and fruits, the farm also produced large amounts of hay and corn.
The mansion was converted into administrative offices and classrooms. Most of the original furnishings are gone from Hayfield House, but visitors still can enjoy the magnificent architectural aspects of the building and the unique characteristics of each room. (See other photos of Hayfield House as it was then.) The former 19-car garage now houses the Student Commons and Bookstore. A 15-acre arboretum displays a wide variety of trees and shrubs, some imported from Europe.
Penn State Wilkes-Barre continues to grow in academic offerings, facilities, and locations.
As of 2010, eight baccalaureate and four associate degrees can be completed through the Wilkes-Barre campus. Students can also complete coursework for the first two years of more than 160 of the University’s degree programs. Numerous certification programs and professional development opportunities are also offered through the Wilkes-Barre Continuing Education department.
Currently, the Wilkes-Barre campus includes Hayfield House, the Student Commons, the Athletic and Recreation Building, the Science Center, the Bell Center for Technology, the Friedman Observatory, the Murphy Student Services Center, and the Nesbitt Academic Commons.
The Penn State Wilkes-Barre Northern Tier Center, located in Bradford County, was established in 1986 under the direction of the Penn State Wilkes-Barre Continuing Education department. The mission of the Northern Tier Center is to extend the resources of the University to Bradford and Sullivan Counties, which are largely rural areas of Northeast Pennsylvania not readily accessible to a Penn State campus.
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